Following your study of this chapter, you should be able to:
  • articulate the four classical conservation laws
  • explain Newton's laws and, where appropriate, include the mathematical version
  • understand the laws of thermodynamics
  • state the ideal gas equation
  • show the relationship between the equipartition theorem and degrees of freedom
  • describe the dual nature of light
  • list the fundamental forces in order of relative strength
  • explain what is meant by "the atomic theory of matter"
  • briefly describe some of the problems facing physicists at end of the nineteenth century